Features The 200 Top Collectors

The 2004 ARTnews 200 Top Collectors

Our 2004 list of the world’s top collectors

To see the Top Ten collectors from this list, please click here.

Juan Abelló
Madrid
Finance and industry
Spanish Old Masters; modern and contemporary art, especially Spanish

Paul Allen
Seattle
Computer software and sports franchises
Impressionism; Old Masters; Pop art; tribal art

Harry W. and Mary Margaret Anderson
San Francisco
Food service
Contemporary art

Nancy and Philip Anschutz
Denver
Oil, railroads, telecommunications (Qwest), sports franchises
19th- and 20th-century American art, especially Western

Plácido Arango
Madrid and El Escorial, Spain; New York
Retail and restaurants
Old Masters; primitive Spanish painting; modern and contemporary art; Chinese ceramics

Hans Rasmus Astrup
Oslo; Perth, Scotland
Shipping
Contemporary art

Maria Nieves Noriega de Autrey and Sergio Autrey
Mexico City
Telecommunications
Contemporary Mexican art; Old Masters; 19th-century European art

Monique and Jean-Paul Barbier-Mueller
Geneva
International real estate
Tribal art; Pre-Columbian art; modern and contemporary art

José Manuel Berardo
Sintra, Portugal
Investments, media
Postwar and contemporary art

Marchesa Marida and Marchese Annibale Berlingieri
Rome
Real estate and investments
Modern and contemporary art, especially Minimalism

Debbie and Leon Black
New York
Investment banking
Old Masters; Impressionist and modern painting; Chinese sculpture; contemporary art

Herbert Black
Montreal
Metals trading
Impressionism and modern art

Scott Black
Boston
Money management
Impressionism and modern art

Nelson Blitz Jr. and Catherine Woodard
New York and Rye, New York
Air-conditioning contracting
Prints and works on paper, especially Munch, Picasso, Kirchner, and Johns; Viennese furniture

Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Oil and hotels
Old Masters; Impressionism; Islamic art

Frances and John Bowes
San Francisco and Sonoma, California; New York
Toys and outdoor recreation products
Modern and contemporary art

Irma and Norman Braman
Miami; Alpes Maritîmes, France
Automobile dealerships
Modern and contemporary art, especially American

Udo Brandhorst
Cologne
Insurance
Contemporary art

Edythe L. and Eli Broad
Los Angeles
Financial services and housing development
Contemporary art

Barbara and Donald L. Bryant Jr.
St. Louis
Insurance
Abstract Expressionism, especially de Kooning; contemporary art

Melva Bucksbaum and Raymond Learsy
Connecticut; Aspen; New York
Inheritance (shopping malls); business
Contemporary art

Mary Livingston Griggs Burke
New York
Lumber
Japanese art

Joop van Caldenborgh
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Chemical industry (Caldic)
Modern and contemporary art, especially concep­tual; photography

Constance Caplan
Baltimore
Real estate
Contemporary art

Gilberto Chateaubriand
Rio de Janeiro
Publishing
Modern art; Brazilian art; photography

Patricia Phelps de Cisneros and Gustavo A. Cisneros
Caracas and New York
Media, entertainment, and telecommunications
Latin American, European, and American modern and contemporary art; Latin American landscape from the 17th to 21st centuries; Amazonian ethnographic objects

James Clark
Woodside, California
Computer software
Impressionism and modern art

Frank Cohen
Manchester, England
Home-improvement stores
Contemporary art

Karen Cohen
New York
Real estate
19th-century art, especially Delacroix

Steven Cohen
Greenwich, Connecticut
Hedge funds
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Eduardo Costantini
Buenos Aires
Asset management; real estate
20th-century Latin American art

Douglas S. Cramer
New York; Roxbury, Connecticut; Martha’s Vineyard
Television production
Contemporary art, especially 1960s and ’80s American

Rosa and Carlos de la Cruz
Key Biscayne, Florida
Beverage distribution
Contemporary art, especially Latin American

Dimitri Daskalopoulos
Athens
Dairy products
Modern and contemporary art

Hélène and Michel Alexandre David-Weill
Paris and Cap d’Antibes, France; New York
Banking
17th- to 19th-century French painting

Valerie and Charles Diker
New York
Investments
Native American art; modern and contemporary art

Frances Dittmer
Connecticut; Aspen; New York
Financial services
Contemporary art

Ulla and Richard Dreyfus
Binningen and Gstaad, Switzerland
Banking
Old Masters; Symbolism and Surrealism; Asian art; contemporary art

Denyse and Philippe Durand-Ruel
Rueil-Malmaison, France
Inheritance (art)
Modern and contemporary art

Pamela and Barney A. Ebsworth
St. Louis; Bellevue, Washington
Travel service
American modern and contemporary art

Stefan Edlis and Gael Neeson
Chicago; Aspen
Manufacturing (plastics)
Contemporary art

Anne and Joel S. Ehrenkranz
New York
Law and investments
Contemporary art

Georges Embiricos
Jouxtens and Gstaad, Switzerland
Shipping
Old Masters; Impressionism and modern art

Harald Falckenberg
Hamburg
Law and oil
Contemporary German and American art

Daniel Filipacchi
Paris; New York
Publishing
Modern art, especially Surrealism

Sandra and Gerald Fineberg
Boston
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art

Anne and Jerome Fisher
Miami, Florida
Retail (Nine West)
Modern art

Doris and Donald Fisher
San Francisco
Retail (The Gap)
Contemporary art, especially German and American

Aaron I. Fleischman
Washington, D.C.
Law
Modern and contemporary art

Friedrich Christian Flick
Hergiswil and Gstaad, Switzerland; London
Inheritance (industrial)
Old Masters; European sculpture; modern and contemporary art

Maxine and Stuart Frankel
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art, especially Latin American; ceramics and sculpture

Soichiro Fukutake
Okayama, Japan
Publishing
Impressionism and contemporary art

Antoine de Galbert
Paris
Inheritance
Contemporary art

Danielle and David Ganek
Greenwich, Connecticut
Money management
Contemporary art and photography

Garza Sada Family
Monterrey, Mexico
Beer, glass, bottling
Contemporary art; 20th-century Mexican art

Melinda and Bill Gates
Seattle
Computer software
19th-century American art, especially American Impressionism; rare books

David Geffen
Los Angeles
Film and record production
Modern and contemporary art, especially Abstract Expressionism

Marsha and Jay Glazer
Mercer Island, Washington
Investments
Modern and contemporary art

Ingvild Goetz
Munich
Inheritance
Contemporary art, especially British and conceptual art

Carol and Arthur Goldberg
New York
Investment banking
Contemporary art

Isabel Goldsmith
London; Mexico City; Beverly Hills
Inheritance (finance and minerals); hotels
19th-century paintings, especially Victorian and Symbolist; contemporary photography

Giuliano Gori
Pistoia, Italy
Textile brokerage
Modern and contemporary art, especially conceptual

Lawrence Graff
London
Jewelry
Contemporary art

Esther Grether
Bottmingen, Switzerland
Pharmaceuticals and cosmetics distribution
Modern and contemporary art

Kenneth C. Griffin and Anne Dias
Chicago
Financial services
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro
New York; Peninsula, Ohio; Kent, Connecticut
Inheritance
Contemporary art; African art; Chinese art

Francesca von Habsburg
Vienna and Salzburg, Austria; London
Inheritance
Contemporary art

Jean Hamon
Bullion, France
Engineering and construction
Contemporary art

Elizabeth and Richard Hedreen
Seattle
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art

Ydessa Hendeles
Toronto
Investments
Contemporary art; photography

Donald Hess
Napa, California; Bolligen, Switzerland
Wine and mineral-water production (retired)
Contemporary art

Marieluise Hessel
Jackson, Wyoming; New York
Investments
International contemporary art, especially since 1960

Ronnie and Samuel Heyman
New York; Palm Beach; Greens Farms, Connecticut
Manufacturing, chemicals, and building materials
Modern and contemporary art, especially Miró, Léger, Gorky, Giacometti, and Dubuffet

Janine and J. Tomilson Hill
New York
Investment banking
Postwar American and European art

Marguerite and Robert Hoffman
Dallas
Soft-drink bottling
Postwar American and European art; Chinese monochromes

Susan and Michael Hort
New York
Printing business
Contemporary art

Elsa and Theo Hotz
Meilen, Switzerland
Architecture
Contemporary art

Frank Huang
Taipei
Computer hardware (Umax)
Chinese porcelain; Impressionist and modern paintings

Carl Icahn
New York and East Hampton, New York; Las Vegas
Investments
Old Masters; Impressionism

Audrey Irmas
Los Angeles
Inheritance
Contemporary art; photography

Dakis Joannou
Athens
Construction
Contemporary art

Bebe and R. Crosby Kemper Jr.
Kansas City, Missouri
Banking
Old Masters; modern and contemporary art

Nasser David Khalili
London
Real estate, investments
Islamic art; Swedish textiles; Spanish metalwork

Graham Kirkham
South Yorkshire, England
Furniture manufacturing
19th- and early-20th-century British and French painting

Jeanne and Michael L. Klein
Houston
Oil and gas exploration and production
Contemporary art

Uli Knecht
Stuttgart
Fashion design and retail
Contemporary art, especially Pop and German art

Robert P. Kogod
Washington, D.C.
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art, especially American

Alicia Koplowitz
Madrid
Real estate and investments
Old Masters; modern art

Sarah-Ann and Werner Kramarsky
New York
Investments and inheritance
Modern and contemporary drawings, especially American

Pamela and Richard Kramlich
San Francisco
Venture capital
Contemporary art, especially video and film

Jill and Peter Kraus
New York
Finance
Contemporary art

Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis
New York; Vail and Meeker, Colorado; Bal Harbour, Florida
Finance and investments
Old Master drawings and paintings; Impressionism; 20th-century art; French furniture

Barbara and Jon Landau
New York
Entertainment
Old Master painting and sculpture; 19th-century French painting; American modernism

Emily Fisher Landau
New York; Santa Fe; Palm Beach
Real estate
Contemporary American art

Evelyn and Leonard Lauder
New York; Aspen
Cosmetics (Estée Lauder)
Modern art, especially Cubism

Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder
New York and Wainscott, New York; Washington, D.C.; Palm Beach; Paris
Cosmetics (Estée Lauder)
Old Masters; 19th- and 20th-century art, especially German

Barbara Lee
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Investments
Modern and contemporary art by women

Gerhard Lenz
Söll, Austria
Management consulting
Contemporary European art

Elizabeth and Rudolf Leopold
Vienna
Ophthalmology
German and Austrian Expressionist art, especially Schiele

Joseph Lewis
Nassau, Bahama Islands
Real estate and investments
Impressionism and modern art

Peter Lewis
Cleveland
Insurance (Progressive)
Contemporary art, especially American conceptualism

Andrew Lloyd Webber
London and Berkshire, England; New York
Entertainment
18th- to 20th-century painting, especially the Pre-Raphaelites

Vicki and Kent Logan
Vail, Colorado
Investment banking
Contemporary art

Eugenio López
Mexico City; Los Angeles
Beverages (Jumex)
Contemporary art

Peter and Paula Lunder
Waterville, Maine
Manufacturing
19th- and early-20th-century American art

Ninah and Michael Lynne
New York
Film production (New Line)
Contemporary art

Linda and Harry Macklowe
New York
Real Estate
Contemporary art

Susan and John Magnier
County Tipperary, Ireland; Geneva, Switzerland; Spain; Barbados
Horse breeding and investments
18th-century British painting; 20th-century Irish art; equestrian art; and modern art

Sherry and Joel Mallin
New York and Pound Ridge, New York
Investments
Modern and contemporary art, particularly sculpture

Ida and Achille Maramotti
Reggio Emilia, Italy
Clothing industry (Max Mara)
Renaissance art; modern and contemporary art

Martin Z. Margulies
Key Biscayne, Florida
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art; photography

Anne and John Marion
Fort Worth; Santa Fe; Palm Springs; and Montana
Inheritance
17th- and 18th-century European art; modern and contemporary art

Lester Marks
Houston
Automobile dealerships
Contemporary art

Catie and Donald B. Marron
New York and Southampton, New York
Investment banking
19th-century European art; modern and contemporary art

Dinos Martinos
Piraeus, Greece
Shipping
Antiquities; modern and contemporary art

Jan and Frederick Mayer
Denver and Englewood, Colorado
Oil
Colonial Latin American art

Gabi and Werner Merzbacher
Zurich
Fur trading and finance
German Expressionism and 20th-century art, especially Fauvism

Jane and Robert Meyerhoff
Phoenix, Maryland; New York
Inheritance (real estate)
19th-century art; modern art, especially postwar American abstraction

Robert Miller
New York; Hong Kong; London; Gstaad; Paris
Duty-free outlets
Old Masters; 19th-century painting; American abstraction

Peter Moores
London and Wigan, England
Soccer pools and mail-order business
15th- to 20th-century European art; Chinese archaic bronzes; contemporary British art

Raymond D. Nasher
Dallas; New York
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art, especially sculpture; Oceanic art; Pre-Columbian art

Victoria and Samuel I. Newhouse Jr.
New York
Publishing
Modern and contemporary art

Philip S. Niarchos
Paris; London; St. Moritz
Shipping and finance
Old Masters; Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Jacqueline and Philippe Nordmann
Geneva; Paris
Department stores
Primitive art; Egyptian art; modern art

Peter Norton
Santa Monica; New York
Computer software
Contemporary art

Maja Oeri and Hans U. Bodenmann
Basel
Inheritance (pharmaceuticals)
Contemporary art

Arendt Oetker
Cologne
Industry (food products), real estate, and inheritance
Contemporary art

Sammy Ofer
London; Monte Carlo; Tel Aviv; New York
Shipping and real estate
Impressionism and modern art

George Ortiz
Vandoeuvres, Switzerland; Paris
Investments
Antiquities; tribal art; 15th-century Italian art; 18th-century European art

Michael Ovitz
Los Angeles
Entertainment
Contemporary art; Ming furniture; modern paintings

Count and Countess Giuseppe Panza di Biumo
Milan; Massagno, Switzerland
Real estate and manufacturing (distilled alcohol)
Contemporary art, especially from the 1960s and ’70s

Mary and John Pappajohn
Des Moines; New York
Finance (venture capital)
Modern and contemporary art

Bernardo Paz
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Mining
Contemporary art, especially Brazilian

Ronald O. Perelman
New York
Finance (venture capital)
Contemporary art

Marie-Thérèse and Alain-Dominique Perrin
Rueil-Malmaison and Caillac, France; London
Luxury goods (Cartier)
Contemporary art, especially Minimalism; photography

François Pinault
Paris
Department stores and investments (Christie’s)
Contemporary art

Ron Pizzuti
Columbus, Ohio; Windmere, Florida
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art

Elizabeth and Harvey Plotnick
Chicago
Publishing; investments
Old Master prints; Islamic ceramics; rare books

Véronique and Louis-Antoine Prat
Paris
Inheritance (manufacturing)
17th- and 18th-century French drawings

Etsuko and Joe D. Price
Los Angeles
Pipeline development
Edo-period Japanese art

Emily Pulitzer
St. Louis
Inheritance (media)
Cubism; Post-Impressionism; Abstract Expressionism

Cindy and Howard Rachofsky
Dallas
Investments
Contemporary art

Carol and Stewart Rahr
Queens, New York
Pharmaceuticals and beauty-product distribution (Kinray)
Impressionist and modern art

Mitchell Rales
Potomac, Maryland; New York
Tool industry
Modern and contemporary art

Steven Rales
Washington, D.C.
Tool industry
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Patrizia Sandretto Re Rebaudengo
Turin, Italy
Industrial manufacturing (Sandretto)
Contemporary art

Louise and Leonard Riggio
New York
Retail (Barnes & Noble)
Contemporary art

Ellen and Michael Ringier
Zurich
Publishing
Contemporary art

David Rockefeller
New York and Tarrytown, New York
Banking
19th-century American art; Impressionism; modern art; porcelain

Sharon and Jay Rockefeller
Charleston, West Virginia; Washington, D.C.
Inheritance
19th-century American art; American Impressionism

Inge Rodenstock
Grünewald, Germany
Inheritance
Contemporary German, American, and British art

Elie de Rothschild
Paris; London
Banking
Old Masters; Impressionism; modern art

Eric de Rothschild
Paris and Pauillac, France
Banking
Old Masters; modern and contemporary art

Mera and Donald Rubell
Miami Beach; New York
Medical practice (retired) and real estate
Contemporary art

Betty and Isaac Rudman
Santo Domingo; North Miami Beach
Imports and manufacturing (electrical products)
Latin American art; rare coins

Charles Saatchi
London
Advertising
Contemporary art, especially British

Sakip Sabanci
Istanbul
Industrial development
Ottoman calligraphy; Turkish art; modern art

Kathy and Keith Sachs
Rydal, Pennsylvania
Business (bottle labels)
Contemporary art

Lily Safra
London; France; Switzerland; Monaco
Inheritance
19th- and 20th-century art

Wafic Said
London; Monaco; Marbella, Spain; Paris
Finance
Old Masters; British sporting art; Impressionism

Sainsbury Family
London
Supermarkets
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Ida and Pieter Sanders
Schiedam, Netherlands
Law practice (retired)
Modern and contemporary art, especially sculpture; African art

Jeannette and Martijn Sanders
Amsterdam
Orchestra management (Concertgebouw)
Contemporary art, especially American

Marieke and Pieter Sanders Jr.
Aerdenhout, Netherlands
Corporate law
Dutch art; sculpture; American and European contemporary art

Fayez Sarofim
Houston
Investment counseling
Coptic sculpture; Old Masters; 19th-century art; American Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Denise and Andrew Saul
New York and Katonah, New York
Retail clothing
Modern and contemporary art, especially postwar American; Chinese bronzes

Ute and Rudolf Scharpff
Stuttgart
Business
Contemporary art, especially American and German

Chara Schreyer
San Francisco
Real estate
Modern and contemporary art and photography

Helen and Charles Schwab
San Francisco and Atherton, California
Investment firm
Modern and contemporary art

Marianne and Alan Schwartz
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Law practice
Old Masters; modern prints

Adam D. Sender
New York
Financial Services
Contemporary art

Anna Marie and Robert Shapiro
New York
Investment management
Contemporary art, especially American

Mary and Jon Shirley
Bellevue, Washington; Vail
Computer software (retired)
Modern and contemporary art

Lila and Gilbert B. Silverman
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Real estate
Fluxus-related materials; Conceptual art

Carlos Slim Helú
Mexico City
Telecommunications, finance, and retail
Old Masters; Pre-Columbian art; colonial Mexican art; modern art, especially Rodin

Robert Smith
Arlington, Virginia; London; Villefranche sur Mer, France
Real estate
Renaissance bronzes; 17th-century Dutch and 18th-century Venetian paintings

Jerry I. Speyer and Katherine G. Farley
New York
Real estate
Contemporary art

Blema and Arnold Steinberg
Montreal; New York
Investment banking
Modern and contemporary art

Jeffrey Steiner
London
Aeronautics
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Judy and Michael Steinhardt
New York and Mount Kisco, New York
Investment firm
Classical antiquities; modern art, especially drawings

Margaret and Terry Stent
Atlanta
Investments
19th- and 20th-century American art, especially Hudson River School, Ashcan School, and American realism

Donna and Howard S. Stone
Chicago
Baking industry (retired)
Contemporary art

Eiichiro Sudo
Tokyo
Manufacturing (building materials)
Impressionism; Nihonga

Beth Swofford
Los Angeles
Entertainment
Contemporary art

Toby and Joey Tanenbaum
Toronto; Longboat Key, Florida
Real estate and hydroelectric power
19th-century European art; Cycladic and Neolithic art

Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee
New York and East Hampton, New York; Lincoln, Massachusetts
Investment banking
Modern and contemporary art; Egyptian art

Sheikh Saud Al-Thani
Doha, Qatar; London
Oil and investments
Antiquities; Old Masters; rare books; photography; Islamic art

David Thomson
Toronto
Inheritance (media)
Constable; Italian Futurism; contemporary art

Kenneth Thomson
Toronto; London
Media, oil, travel, and retail
Medieval and Renaissance art; Old Masters

Ruth and William True
Seattle
Oil and real estate
Contemporary art

Dean Valentine
Beverly Hills
Television production
Contemporary art

José Luis Várez Fisa
Madrid
Industry
Antiquities; Old Masters;
modern and contemporary Spanish art

Jack Warner
Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Manufacturing (fire products, paperboard, and packaging)
19th-century American and European art; Impressionism

Alain Wertheimer
Paris; New York
Luxury goods (Chanel)
Modern art

Abigail and Leslie Herbert Wexner
Columbus, Ohio; Aspen; London
Retail clothing
Modern and contemporary art; British sporting pictures

Shelby White
New York
Investments
Antiquities

Reba and Dave H. Williams
New York; Greenwich, Connecticut
Investments (Alliance Capital)
American prints

Virginia and Bagley Wright
Seattle
Venture capital and lumber business
Contemporary art; Japanese art, particularly textiles

Reinhold Würth
Niedernhall, Germany
Manufacturing
Modern and contemporary art

Stephen A. Wynn
Incline Village, Nevada
Gambling resorts
French Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

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