The ARTnews 200

Our 2005 list of the world’s top collectors

To see the Top Ten collectors from this list, please click here.

Juan Abelló
Spanish Old Masters; modern and contemporary art, especially Spanish

Paul Allen
Impressionism; Old Masters; Pop art; tribal art

Nancy and Philip Anschutz
19th- and 20th-century American art, especially Western

Plácido Arango
Madrid and El Escorial, Spain; New York
Old Masters; primitive Spanish paintings; modern and contemporary art; Chinese ceramics

Hans Rasmus Astrup
Oslo; Perth, Scotland
Contemporary art

Monique and Jean-Paul Barbier-Mueller
Tribal art; pre-Columbian art; modern and contemporary art

Cristina and Thomas W. Bechtler
Contemporary art, especially Minimalism; photography

Leonora and Jimmy Belilty
Caracas; Paris
Pre-Columbian art; African art; contemporary art; photography

Marchesa Marida and Marchese Annibale Berlingieri
Modern and contemporary art, especially Minimalism

Debbie and Leon Black
New York
Old Masters; Impressionism; modern paintings; Chinese sculpture; contemporary art

Scott Black
Impressionism; modern art

Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Old Masters; Impressionism; Islamic art

Frances and John Bowes
San Francisco and Sonoma, California; New York
Modern and contemporary art

Irma and Norman Braman
Miami; Alpes Maritimes, France
Modern and contemporary art, especially American

Udo Brandhorst
Contemporary art

Edythe L. and Eli Broad
Los Angeles
Contemporary art

Barbara and Donald L. Bryant, Jr.
St. Louis
Abstract Expressionism, especially de Kooning;
contemporary art

Melva Bucksbaum and Raymond Learsy
Sharon, Connecticut; Aspen; New York
Contemporary art

Frieder Burda
Baden-Baden, Germany
Modern and contemporary art, especially German Expressionism

Monique and Max Burger
Zumikon, Switzerland
Post-1980s art

Mary Livingston Griggs Burke
New York
Japanese art

Blake Byrne
Los Angeles
Contemporary art

Joop van Caldenborgh
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Modern and contemporary art, especially Conceptualism; photography; sculpture

Gilberto Chateaubriand
Rio de Janeiro
Modern art; Brazilian art; photography

Patricia Phelps de Cisneros and Gustavo A. Cisneros
Caracas; New York
Latin American, European, and American modern and contemporary art; 17th- to 20th-century Latin American landscapes; Amazonian ethnographic objects

James Clark
Woodside, California
Impressionism; modern art

Cherryl and Frank Cohen
Manchester, England
Modern British and contemporary art

Steven Cohen
Greenwich, Connecticut
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Eduardo Costantini
Buenos Aires
20th-century Latin American art

Douglas S. Cramer
New York; Roxbury, Connecticut; Martha’s Vineyard
Contemporary art, especially 1960s and ’80s American

Rosa and Carlos de la Cruz
Key Biscayne, Florida
Contemporary art, especially Latin American

Dimitri Daskalopoulos
Modern and contemporary art

Hélène and Michel Alexandre David-Weill
Paris and Cap d’Antibes, France; New York
17th-, 18th-, and 19th-century French paintings

Ulla Dreyfus
Binningen and Gstaad, Switzerland
Asian art; Old Masters; Symbolism and Surrealism; contemporary art

Barney A. Ebsworth
Bellevue, Washington; Honolulu
American modern and contemporary art

Stefan T. Edlis and H. Gael Neeson
Chicago; Aspen
Contemporary art

Harald Falckenberg
Contemporary German and American art

Daniel Filipacchi
Paris; New York
Modern art, especially Surrealism

Anne and Jerome Fisher
Modern art

Doris and Donald Fisher
San Francisco
Contemporary art, especially German and American

Aaron I. Fleischman
Washington, D.C.
Modern and contemporary art

Friedrich Christian Flick
Gstaad, Switzerland; London
Contemporary art

Maxine and Stuart Frankel
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Minimalism and Abstract Expressionism

Glenn R. Fuhrman
New York
Contemporary art

Soichiro Fukutake
Okayama, Japan
Impressionism; contemporary art

Kathleen and Richard S. Fuld, Jr.
Greenwich, Connecticut
Works on paper, especially postwar and contemporary

Antoine de Galbert
Contemporary and primitive art

Danielle and David Ganek
Greenwich, Connecticut
Contemporary art and photography

Garza Sada family
Monterrey, Mexico
Contemporary art; 20th-century Mexican art

David Geffen
Los Angeles
Modern and contemporary art, especially Abstract Expressionism

Marsha and Jay Glazer
Mercer Island, Washington
Modern and contemporary art

Ingvild Goetz
Contemporary art, especially British and Conceptual

Carol and Arthur Goldberg
New York
Contemporary art

Isabel Goldsmith
London; Mexico City; Beverly Hills
19th-century paintings, especially Victorian and Symbolist; contemporary photography

Giuliano Gori
Pistoia, Italy
Modern and contemporary art, especially Conceptual; sculpture

Laurence Graff
Contemporary art

Esther Grether
Bottmingen, Switzerland
Modern and contemporary art

Kenneth C. Griffin and Anne Dias
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

Agnes Gund and Daniel Shapiro
New York; Peninsula, Ohio; Kent, Connecticut
Contemporary art; African art; Chinese art

Ann and Graham Gund
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Modern and contemporary art

Joseph Hackmey
Tel Aviv; London
Modern and contemporary art

Margit and Paul Hahnloser-Ingold
Modern and contemporary art

Elizabeth and Richard Hedreen
Modern and contemporary art

Ydessa Hendeles
Contemporary art; photography

Annick and Anton Herbert
Ghent, Belgium
Contemporary art, especially Conceptualism, Minimalism, and arte povera

Donald Hess
Napa, California; Bolligen, Switzerland
Contemporary art

Marieluise Hessel
Jackson, Wyoming; New York
International contemporary art, especially since 1960

Ronnie and Samuel Heyman
New York; Palm Beach; Greens Farms, Connecticut
Modern and contemporary art, especially Miró, Léger, Gorky, Giacometti, and Dubuffet

Janine and J. Tomilson Hill
New York
Postwar American and European art

Marguerite and Robert Hoffman
Postwar American and European art; Chinese monochromes

Susan and Michael Hort
New York
Contemporary art

Elsa and Theo Hotz
Meilen, Switzerland
Contemporary art

Frank Huang
Chinese porcelain; Impressionist and modern paintings

Carl Icahn
New York and East Hampton, New York; Las Vegas
Old Masters; Impressionism

Audrey Irmas
Los Angeles
Contemporary art; photography

Dakis Joannou
Contemporary art

Bebe and R. Crosby Kemper, Jr.
Kansas City, Missouri
Old Masters; modern and contemporary art

Nasser David Khalili
Islamic art; Swedish textiles; Spanish metalwork

Jeanne and Michael L. Klein
Houston and Austin; Santa Fe
Postwar and contemporary art

Uli Knecht
Contemporary art, especially Pop and German

Robert P. Kogod
Washington, D.C.
Modern and contemporary art, especially American

Alicia Koplowitz
Old Masters; modern art

Sarah-Ann and Werner Kramarsky
New York
Modern and contemporary drawings, especially American

Pamela and Richard Kramlich
San Francisco
Contemporary art, especially video and film

Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis
New York; Vail and Meeker, Colorado; Bal Harbour, Florida
Old Master drawings and paintings; Impressionism; 20th-century art; French furniture

Myron Kunin
Minneapolis; Laguna Beach
Modern American art

Barbara and Jon Landau
New York
Old Master paintings and sculpture; 19th-century French paintings; American Modernism

Emily Fisher Landau
New York; Santa Fe; Palm Beach
Contemporary American art

Evelyn and Leonard Lauder
New York; Aspen
Modern art, especially Cubism

Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder
New York and Wainscott, New York; Washington, D.C.; Palm Beach; Paris
Old Masters; 19th- and 20th-century art, especially Austrian

Barbara Lee
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Modern and contemporary art by women

Gerhard Lenz
Söll, Austria
Contemporary European art

Elizabeth and Rudolf Leopold
German and Austrian Expressionism, especially Schiele

Joseph Lewis
Nassau, Bahama Islands
Impressionism; modern art

Adam Lindemann
New York
Contemporary and tribal art

Andrew Lloyd Webber
London and Berkshire, England; New York
18th-, 19th-, and 20th-century paintings, especially the Pre-Raphaelites

Margaret and Daniel S. Loeb
New York and East Hampton, New York; Miami
Postwar and contemporary art

Vicki and Kent Logan
Vail, Colorado
Contemporary art

Eugenio López
Mexico City; Los Angeles
Contemporary art

Peter and Paula Lunder
Waterville, Maine
19th- and early 20th-century American art

Ninah and Michael Lynne
New York
Contemporary art

Linda and Harry Macklowe
New York
Contemporary art

Susan and John Magnier
County Tipperary, Ireland; Geneva, Switzerland; Marbella, Spain; Barbados
18th-century British paintings; 20th-century Irish art; equestrian art; modern art

Sherry and Joel Mallin
New York and Pound Ridge, New York
Modern and contemporary art, especially sculpture

Martin Z. Margulies
Key Biscayne, Florida
Modern and contemporary art; photography

Anne and John Marion
Fort Worth; Santa Fe; Palm Springs; White Sulphur Springs, Montana
17th- and 18th-century European art; modern and contemporary art

Donald B. Marron
New York
Modern and contemporary art

Dinos Martinos
Piraeus, Greece
Antiquities; modern and contemporary art; icons

Jan and Frederick Mayer
Denver and Englewood, Colorado
Colonial Latin American art

Frances G. and James W. McGlothlin
Mid-19th- and early-20th-century American art, especially Hudson River School, Impressionism, and realism

Henry S. McNeil
Contemporary art, especially Minimalism

Gabi and Werner Merzbacher
20th-century art, especially Fauvism and German Expressionism

Robert Miller
New York; Hong Kong; London; Gstaad, Switzerland; Paris
Old Masters; 19th-century paintings; American abstraction

Julie and Edward J. Minskoff
New York
Postwar, Pop, and contemporary European art

Peter Moores
London and Wigan, England
15th- to 20th-century European art; archaic Chinese bronzes; contemporary British art

Raymond D. Nasher
Dallas; New York
Modern and contemporary art, especially sculpture; Oceanic and pre-Columbian art

Victoria and Samuel I. Newhouse, Jr.
New York
Modern and contemporary art

Philip S. Niarchos
Paris; London; St. Moritz
Old Masters; Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Jacqueline and Philippe Nordmann
Geneva; Paris
Primitive art; Egyptian art; modern art

Peter Norton
Santa Monica; New York
Contemporary art

Maja Oeri and Hans U. Bodenmann
Contemporary art

Arendt Oetker
Contemporary art

Sammy Ofer
London; Monte Carlo; Tel Aviv; New York
Impressionism; modern art

Thomas Olbricht
Essen, Germany
Modern and contemporary art

George Ortiz
Vandoeuvres, Switzerland; Paris
Antiquities; tribal art; 15th-century Italian art; 18th-century European art

Judy and Michael Ovitz
Los Angeles
Contemporary art; Ming furniture; modern paintings; African art

Count and Countess Giuseppe Panza di Biumo
Milan; Massagno, Switzerland
Contemporary art, especially from the 1960s and ’70s

Mary and John Pappajohn
Des Moines; New York
Modern and contemporary art

Bernardo Paz
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Contemporary art, especially Brazilian

Marsha and Jeffrey Perelman
Wynnewood, Pennsylvania
Postwar and contemporary art

Juan Antonio Perez Simon
Mexico City
15th- to 20th-century European art, especially Barbizon School, Cubism, Impressionism, Surreal­ism, and German Expressionism

François Pinault
Contemporary art

Ron Pizzuti
Columbus, Ohio; Windmere, Florida
Modern and contemporary art

Elizabeth and Harvey Plotnick
Old Master prints; Islamic ceramics; rare books

Miuccia Prada and Patrizio Bertelli
Contemporary art

Véronique and Louis-Antoine Prat
17th- and 18th-century French drawings

Lisa S. and John A. Pritzker
San Francisco

Emily Pulitzer
St. Louis
Cubism; Post-Impressionism; Abstract Expressionism

Cindy and Howard Rachofsky
Contemporary art­

Carol and Stewart Rahr
Queens, New York
Impressionism; modern art

Mitchell Rales
Potomac, Maryland; New York
Modern and contemporary art

Steven Rales
Washington, D.C.
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Patrizia Sandretto Re Rebaudengo
Turin, Italy
Contemporary art

Louise and Leonard Riggio
New York
Contemporary art

Ellen and Michael Ringier
Contemporary art

David Rockefeller
New York and Tarrytown, New York
19th-century American art; Impressionism; modern art; porcelain

Sharon and Jay Rockefeller
Charleston, West Virginia; Washington, D.C.
19th-century American art, especially Impressionism

Inge Rodenstock
Grünewald, Germany
Contemporary German, American, and British art

Elie de Rothschild
Paris; London
Old Masters; Impressionism; modern art

Eric de Rothschild
Paris and Pauillac, France
Old Masters; modern and contemporary art

Mera and Donald Rubell
Miami Beach; New York
Contemporary art

Betty and Isaac Rudman
Santo Domingo; North Miami Beach
Latin American art; rare coins

Charles Saatchi
Contemporary art, especially British

Sakip Sabanci
Ottoman calligraphy; Turkish art; modern art

Kathy and Keith Sachs
Rydal, Pennsylvania
Contemporary art

Lily Safra
19th- and 20th-century art

Wafic Said
London; Monte Carlo; Marbella, Spain; Paris
Old Masters; British sporting art; Impressionism

Sainsbury family
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Ida and Piet Sanders
Schiedam, Netherlands
Modern and contemporary art, especially sculpture; African art

Jeannette and Martijn Sanders
Contemporary art, especially American

Marieke and Pieter Sanders, Jr.
Aerdenhout, Netherlands
Dutch art; sculpture; American and European
contemporary art

Fayez Sarofim
Coptic sculpture; Old Masters; 19th-century art; American Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Louisa Stude Sarofim
Houston; Santa Fe
American and European paintings

Tatsumi Sato
Contemporary and primitive art

Denise and Andrew Saul
New York and Katonah, New York
Modern and contemporary art, especially postwar American; Chinese bronzes

Ute and Rudolf Scharpff
Contemporary art, especially American and German

Chara Schreyer
San Francisco
Modern and contemporary art and photography

Helen and Charles Schwab
San Francisco and Atherton, California
Modern and contemporary art

Marianne and Alan Schwartz
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Old Masters; modern prints

Adam D. Sender
New York
Contemporary art

Mary and Jon Shirley
Bellevue, Washington; Vail
Modern and contemporary art

Lila and Gilbert B. Silverman
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Fluxus-related materials; Conceptual art

Peter Simon
Contemporary art

Carlos Slim Helú
Mexico City
Old Masters; pre-Columbian and colonial Mexican art; modern art, especially Rodin

Robert Smith
Arlington, Virginia; London; Villefranche sur Mer, France
Renaissance bronzes; 17th-century Dutch and 18th-century Venetian paintings

Jerry I. Speyer and Katherine G. Farley
New York
Contemporary art

Blema and Arnold Steinberg
Montreal; New York
Modern and contemporary art

Jeffrey Steiner
Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Judy and Michael H. Steinhardt
New York and Mount Kisco, New York
Classical antiquities; modern art, especially drawings

Margaret and Terry Stent
19th- and 20th-century American art, especially Hudson River School, Ashcan School, and realism

Gayle and Paul Stoffel
Contemporary art

Toby and Joey Tanenbaum
Toronto; Longboat Key, Florida
19th-century European art; Cycladic and Neolithic art

Benedikt Taschen
Contemporary art, especially American and German

Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee
New York and East Hampton, New York; Lincoln, Massachusetts
Modern and contemporary art; Egyptian art

David Thomson
Constable and Ruskin; Italian Futurism; contemporary art

Kenneth Thomson
Toronto; London
Medieval and Renaissance art; Old Masters

Ruth and William True
Contemporary art

Dean Valentine
Beverly Hills
Contemporary art

José Luis Várez Fisa
Antiquities; Old Masters; modern and contemporary Spanish art

Alice Walton
Fort Worth, Texas
American art

Jack Warner
Tuscaloosa, Alabama
19th-century American and European art, especially Impressionism

Alain Wertheimer
Paris; New York
Modern art

Abigail and Leslie Herbert Wexner
Columbus, Ohio; Aspen; London
Modern and contemporary art; British sporting pictures

Shelby White
New York

Reba and Dave Williams
New York; Greenwich, Connecticut
American prints

Beth Rudin DeWoody
New York and Southampton, New York; West Palm Beach
Modern and contemporary art

Virginia and Bagley Wright
Contemporary art

Reinhold Würth
Niedernhall, Germany
Modern and contemporary art

Elaine and Stephen A. Wynn
Incline Village, Nevada
French Impressionism; modern and contemporary art

Anita and Poju Zabludowicz
Contemporary art

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